Symptoms of different stages of kidney disease differ ranging from the specifics of the disease as well as the parts of the system which are being affected. Fever and generally weakness are the usual symptoms, even though urinary tract infection doesn’t go forward with a fever. Bacterial infection of the kidneys always has high body temperature as a symptom, along with cancer of the kidneys. Most of the patients tend to urinate four to six times daily, mostly during the day. Common urination without any obvious increase in fluid intake is a symptom of irritation of the bladder with a foreign body, stone or a tumor. Tumor or other matter pressuring the bladder may also cause common urination.
Treatment of chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (ICD 9 CODE = 585.4) needs to be confirmed before prescribing any type of treatment. With a routine analysis of the urine sample one can find out the amount of protein and sugar in the urine, and it can also be tested for red and white blood cells. With these simple and cheap tests that can be done in any medical laboratory one can measure the level of all kinds of different substances in the urine. These tests are done with a thin plastic strand which was impregnated by chemicals that react with substances found in urine. When the contact is established there are chemical reactions becoming obvious with the color shift. The more obvious the color shift is, the more of the substance there is to be found in the urine.
Proteins found in urine can indicate a sign of chronic kidney disease, but it can also be a normal state after significant physical exertion, such as running a marathon. Glucose in urine can be determined very accurately and the most common reason for its presence is diabetes. If the glucose continues to show in urine after normalizing the level of glucose in blood, problem might be in irregular function of the kidneys.
Kidney biopsy is an invasive method of taking a sample of the kidney tissue which is a common test to be done when a diagnostic procedure is required. Transplanted kidneys commonly need this procedure to determine if there are any signs of organ rejection. During biopsy the patient lies face down, and a local anesthetic is provided into the skin and surrounding muscle regions above the kidneys. The biopsy needle is inserted, taking the tissue of the kidney for a detailed microscopic test. During biopsy of the transplanted kidney the need is directly inserted through the ultrasound test. Microscopic test is very useful when determining cancers of the urinary tracts. People who represent the risk groups such as smokers, people who are suffering with painless bleeding are common candidates of kidney biopsy. Causes can include other issues such as inflammations. There are also false positives to be noted, so biopsy alone doesn’t confirm any issue with 100% accuracy.