Congestive heart failure is a heart condition when it isn’t able to supply the bodily needs for blood. Causes that lead towards this condition are coronary heart disease, stroke of the myocardia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and many others. Symptoms which become apparent soon after the condition initiates show fluid hold up in liver, belly, feet as heart is failing as a pump. Some other symptoms include inability to breath easily, short breath, sensation of suffocating, weakness, heavy legs, common need for urination, general weakness, confusion, loss of appetite, accelerated heart rate etc. These are all highly individual, depending on the condition of the patient, stage of the condition as well as whether or not the condition was recognized and treated.
Congestive heart failure in detail
Generally speaking, this condition is a common and complex issue with which many specialists and doctors are faced very often. It’s responsible for a high percentage of morbidity and mortality in elderly population. It can be divided into two subcategories – systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Around 70% of patients have a systolic dysfunction which is characterized by a dilatation of the left ventricle as well as reduced ejection fraction. Diastolic failure of heart commonly accompanied with hypertension is caused by hypertrophy of the myocardium. Because of the reduced volume of blood being pumped up compensatory systems kick in such as increased excretion of catecholamines, activation of the Renin-angiotensin system as well as hypertrophy of the left ventricle. It isn’t hard to diagnose with acute case, but in cases with semi-complex cases where typical symptoms aren’t yet obvious it can become a real issue.
Efficiency of using angiotensin-converting procedure in all stages of heart failure, regardless of whether it’s a case of systolic or diastolic dysfunction, has been proven. This is the medication of choice in therapy of this condition. Inhibitors known as ACE have a high effect on the intravascular volume by modifying the direction in which the disease is going towards. Strong diuretics are undoubtedly useful in therapy of congestive heart failure but on their own are rarely enough to control the disease. It’s necessary to stay at caution due to dangers of dehydration, reflex tachycardia and reflex tachycardia.
Life expectancy with patients diagnosed with congestive heart failure highly depends on the stage at which the disease was diagnosed, conditions in which the patient is living as well as many other environment factors. Genetics obviously play a huge role too. In beginning stages of the illness and disciplined checkups and therapies patients dealing with congestive heart failure can live a long life, maintaining good quality of life. All of these factors are highly individual and it’s impossible to precisely define how long do patients live or how much of an impact this disease has towards reducing one’s life span. Counseling with your doctor is of great importance here and can provide you with as many answers to your questions as possible.