Cervicobrachial syndrome causes and treatment

Cervicobrachial syndrome revolves around disturbances which are being caused by shifts in the upper spine part, around the neck area. It’s commonly referred to as a clinical syndrome showing degenerative changes being manifested with pain, neck and shoulder muscle hypertonia, limited movements as well as vegetative issues of upper extremities. In general population, about 2/3 of people tends to experience pain in this area, with most of them being in their 40s. Commonly found cause of pain are degenerative changes in the intervertebral joints and discs. Syndrome known as cervicobrachial is only one member of a group of conditions. This specific condition is caused by irritation or compression of the nerve endings between fourth and eighth vertebrate.

Differential diagnosis

A lot of people experience some type of neck pain during their lives. This pain can be acute in character, lasting couple of hours up to a couple of weeks, or it may be chronic. Generally speaking, any type of pain which is present for more than three weeks is considered to be chronic. In most cases, pain felt in the neck doesn’t pose any type of threat in case it’s short lasting, but if it becomes persistent, there may be a serious cause for it. Here are some of the most common causes of cervicobrachial syndrome:

  • stress
  • long term sitting, especially if the posture is faulty
  • previous injuries of the neck
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • fibromyalgia
  • osteoporosis
  • brachial neuritis
  • bone metastases

Typical clinical report of a patient suffering from this syndrome is clear. There is a high presence of pain and irritability in muscles from the rear side of the neck, with pain spreading across the shoulders. This irritability of the muscles can intensify during certain movements, with headache also being one of the most commonly found symptoms. Other than those, the patient might experience sharp or dull neck pain, tension, painful and limited motions, dizziness, weakness, weakened concentration and memory.

How is it treated?

As usual, the purpose of treatment is to remove pain and other symptoms, alongside with maintaining flexibility and mobility which can actually prevent disabilities in the long run. Also, improving and maintaining quality of life is a significant point of treatment.

There are many different treatment methods which correspond to the level of the condition itself. Lighter treatment includes hot/cold massages, relaxation, and light stretching of the neck, specific neck workouts which need to be approved by the physical doctor. More extreme treatment methods include short term immobilization of the neck, surgical treatment followed by acupuncture. Post-surgery treatment includes appropriate analgesic treatment as well as muscle relaxing supplements. Since a lot of patients suffer from insomnia, it is necessary to consult a doctor for the specific mix of medicaments which is to ensure they work together instead of counter each other’s effects. The entire treatment plan is to be determined by a specialist and it’s recommended not to fall into temptation and ignore the issues you’re experiencing. The sooner you start with the treatment, the better and faster your results will be.

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