What is cocaine
Cocaine consumption harms human health if a person becomes addicted to it. Cocaine addiction is curable. Cocaine is very powerful addictive stimulant and it acts directly on the brain. It is one of the oldest known drugs. The pure chemical, hydrochloride is used more than 100 years, and coca leaves, the source of the cocaine have been ingested for thousands of years. Pure cocaine was first discovered by extracting from coca leaves (erythroxylon bush), which grows in Peru and Bolivia. In the early 1900s it has became the main stimulant drug which was used for treating various diseases.
How cocaine works
Cocaine stimulates the brain and produces large amounts of hormone dopamine which causes euphoria. If a person continues to use it, he develops tolerance. So in order to maintain the feeling of euphoria it’s required to increase the dose and to use it more frequently. When the cocaine abstinence occurs it leads to a very strong desire to retake it. It can also cause fatigue, loss of enjoyment of life, depression, anxiety, irritability and sometimes paranoia. These symptoms often forces people to consume more cocaine.
Factors that may increase the risk of cocaine addiction include people from 18-25 years old, mostly male.
Short – term effects of cocaine:
Euphoria, energy, excessive talkativeness, improving the mental capacity, reduces the need for food and sleep, dilated pupils, fever, increased heart rate, high blood pressure, erratic or aggressive behavior, dizziness, paranoia, anxiety, irritability and anxiety, heart attack, convulsions, sudden death.
Long – term include:
Towing, which is impossible to control or predict, increased tolerance and doses, excessive consumption of cocaine, increased irritability, anxiety and paranoia, paranoid psychosis.
Medical complications include
Heart rhythm disorders, heart attack, chest pain, respiratory failure, strike, convulsions, headache, abdominal pain, nausea.
The diagnosis of the cocaine:
The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical examination. He will ask you specific questions about your cocaine use and how long have you used it.
Cocaine addiction treatment:
Treatment programs requires to stop cocaine and it requires body cleansing.
Medication treatments for cocaine addiction:
There are currently no drugs to treat the cocaine addiction. You should take the medicine that will decrease euphoria symptoms and craving for further drug use.
Drugs that have shown good results:
Modafinil, N – acetyl cysteine, topiramate, disulfiram, baclofen and antidepressants – may be useful in the early stages.
Cocaine addiction behavior therapy:
Behavior therapy is designed to help people to stop consuming cocaine, and often it’s the only available effective treatment for cocaine addiction. Therapies includes contingency management. With this program, people are getting positive emotions and satisfaction with the treatment. Cognitive behavior therapy helps them to learn how to control yourself and avoid consuming cocaine.
With the rehabilitation program, people with cocaine disorder are located in a controlled environment for 6-12 months. During this time they can get the professional rehabilitation and other support, it allows them to prepare for return to the society.
How to prevent cocaine addiction?
He best way is: “Never use it!” – I never use it. Cocaine is highly addictive.